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2019 - 12 - 25
前瞻记忆是指个体记住未来要完成任务的能力。儿童进入学校后,前瞻记忆任务逐渐增多,对前瞻记忆能力的要求也逐渐增高。前瞻记忆任务成功的关键在于当个体看到线索时能主动提取并执行意图。前瞻记忆线索分为三种,时间线索(如周六晚上7点记得参加朋友的生日聚会)、事件线索(如路过超市记得买水果)和活动结束线索(如写完作业记得找家长签字)。三种线索的提取难度存在差异,这可能与其对注意资源的需求不同有关。较之正常发育的儿童,多动症儿童在日常活动中常有注意力不集中和健忘的表现,提示其前瞻记忆能力可能存在缺损。然而,对多动症儿童前瞻记忆功能的研究较少,更缺乏研究直接考察多动症儿童在三种线索条件下的前瞻记忆表现及其认知加工特点。因此,中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室神经心理和应用认知神经科学(NACN)实验室陈楚侨研究组与北医六院医生钱英、潍坊医学院教授王艳郁合作考察了多动症儿童在时间、事件和活动结束线索条件下的前瞻记忆表现。该研究招募了28名临床诊断的多动症儿童和28名年龄和性别匹配的正常发育儿童,采用钓鱼游戏任务(Yang, Chan, Shum, 2011)测查儿童在三种线索条件下的前瞻记忆功能。该任务采取经典的双任务范式,主任务要求儿童钓鱼,并同时关注前瞻记忆线索,在线索出现时儿童需要停止钓鱼并执行前瞻记忆任务。在时间线索条件下,儿童要记得每到整分钟就喂猫吃鱼;在事件线索条件下,儿童看到特殊条...
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2019 - 07 - 12
大脑每天接收的来自客观世界的感觉信息纷繁复杂,大脑对这些刺激进行分类后,人们才有感知判断。那么大脑是如何开展这项工作的呢?中科院脑科学与智能技术卓越创新中心(中科院神经科学研究所)研究员徐宁龙团队揭示了其中的奥秘,解析了大脑对感觉信息进行范畴化的皮层神经元群体运算机制。相关成果日前在线发表于《神经元》。大脑每天接收海量的来自客观世界的感觉信息,能够形成的概念和采取的行动却数目有限,为形成有意义的认知来指导行为,大脑需要对这些信息进行高效的组织管理,其中最基本的过程就是范畴化——简言之,就是分类。神经科学家本世纪初开启了信息分类和感知觉范畴化神经机制研究的新领域,但以往研究侧重神经运算的结果,对于感觉信息怎样被转化为离散的类别信息这一神经运算过程,并没有明确答案。本研究中,研究人员在小鼠中建立了一个基于听觉的分类抉择行为范式,结合活体双光子成像技术,解析了对感觉信息进行范畴化的皮层神经元群体运算机制。徐宁龙介绍,听到声音,经过训练的小鼠大脑中的一类神经元表现出对声音类别的特异性反应,将不同频率的纯音归类到 “高音” 或“低音”范畴。在高低音临界点的分类中,小鼠会“纠结”。这时大脑中的另一类神经元,表现出对类别边界频率声音的“选择性反应”,协助小鼠进行判断和分类。如果小鼠没有被要求完成分类任务,这类神经元选择性反应则“难觅踪迹”。研究表明,在听觉皮层中存在范畴抉择相关的单细胞反应,听觉...
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2019 - 06 - 24
2019年6月24日讯 /生物谷BIOON /——普林斯顿大学的Bonnie Bassler及其同事于近日在《PLOS Pathogens》上发表的一项研究表明,他们已经开发出一种新的突变型受体,这种受体被一种细菌病原体用来进行一种称为群体感应的化学交流过程。正如作者所指出的,突变受体可作为识别抑制群体感应的治疗化合物,以满足迫切的医疗需求。图片来源:McCready AR, et al. (2019)人类病原体绿脓杆菌利用群体感应来协调群体行为,包括生物膜的形成和促感染分子的产生。群体感应是绿脓杆菌成为病原体的关键,它依赖于细胞外信号分子的产生、释放和检测。自诱导因子与受体蛋白结合,共同激活群体感应基因的转录。在这项新研究中,Bassler和他的同事发现、纯化并鉴定了绿脓杆菌RhlR群体感应受体的突变版本,他们称之为RhlR*。值得注意的是,RhlR*不需要它的合作自动诱导器来工作。携带RhlR*的绿脓杆菌能正确形成生物膜,产生毒力因子,感染蛔虫。由于RhlR*不依赖于一种自动诱导剂来发挥作用,以前无法用RhlR进行的生化和遗传分析可以用RhlR*进行。这一发现为绿脓杆菌群体感应元件的工作机制提供了新的见解,其中最引人注目的是PqsE酶,它与RhlR一起控制毒力因子的产生。作者认为,RhlR*是了解绿脓杆菌细胞间通讯和毒性的一个特别有价值的工具,而绿脓杆菌是一种具有高度临床相关性...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 22
描述The LIVE/DEAD™ Fixable Green Dead Cell Stain Kit is used to determine the viability of cells prior to the fixation and permeabilization required for intracellular antibody staining or prior to elimination of biohazardous materials using formaldehyde fixation. This kit has been optimized and validated for use with a blue laser flow cytometer.• Stable—dyes are freeze dried in separate vials to maintain stability• Robust—staining pattern is the same before and after fixation• Bright signal—allows...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 18
描述This product detects the externalization of phosphatidylserine in apoptotic cells using recombinant annexin V conjugated to green-fluorescent FITC dye and dead cells using propidium iodide (PI). Propidium iodide stains necrotic cells with red fluorescence. After treatment with both probes, apoptotic cells show green fluorescence, dead cells show red and green fluorescence, and live cells show little or no fluorescence.
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 18
描述SYTOX® Green nucleic acid stain is an excellent green-fluorescent nuclear and chromosome counterstain that is impermeant to live cells, making it a useful indicator of dead cells within a population.•  Impermeant to live cells•  Excitation/Emission: 504/523 nm•  Use with 488 Argon-ion laser•  Works with mammalian cells and both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteriaSimple Viability Determination SYTOX® Green allows quick determination of cell viability when usin...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 18
描述Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is a fluorescent, two-color sensor of cell cycle progression and division in live cells. It allows accurate and sensitive cell cycle analysis of individual cells or a population of cells by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, or high-content imaging.At 2 x 200 µL, this is a smaller pack size version (1/5 volume) of the popular full-size product and perfect for testing its performance in your system.The Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is delivered by high...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 18
描述CountBright™ absolute counting beads are a calibrated suspension of microspheres that are brightly fluorescent across a wide range of excitation and emission wavelengths (UV to 635 nm excitation and 385-800 nm emission). CountBright™ absolute counting beads are mixed with the cell sample and assayed via flow cytometry. By comparing the ratio of bead events to cell events, absolute numbers of cells in the sample can be calculated. Because CountBright™ beads are mixed in the test sample, absolut...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述CellTrace™ CFSE Cell Proliferation Kit is used for in vitro and in vivo labeling of cells to trace multiple generations using dye dilution by flow cytometry.• Superior performance—bright, single-peak staining enables visualization of multiple generations• Long-term signal stability—well-retained in cells for several days post stain• Non-toxic—staining does not adversely effect cell health• Simple, robust staining protocolView a selection guide for all CellTrace™ Cell Proliferation Kits fo...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述CellTrace™ CFSE 细胞增殖试剂盒 (CellTrace™ CFSE Cell Proliferation Kit) 以方便的一次性瓶装形式提供用途广泛,稳定性高的细胞示踪剂。 羧基荧光素二醋酸盐琥珀酰亚胺酯,常称为 CFSE,可被动扩散进入细胞。 这种试剂没有颜色和荧光,直至细胞内的酯酶去除其醋酸盐基团,产生能发出明亮荧光的羧基荧光素琥珀酰亚胺酯。 琥珀酰亚胺酯与细胞内氨基反应,形成稳定且能用醛固定剂固定的荧光偶联物。 此试剂盒包含十份一次性瓶装的 CFSE,因此进行小规模实验时无需制备过量的易变质 CFSE 储存液。 此试剂盒还包括高质量的 DMSO(二甲基亚砜)和详细的实验方案。For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.图表Suppressive capacity of isolated Treg cells.Suppressive capacity of isolated Treg cells. (A) CD4+ CD25–cells were stained with Ca...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述The Click-iT® EdU Pacific Blue™ Flow Cytometry Assay Kit provides a simplified, more robust assay for analyzing DNA replication in proliferating cells as compared to traditional BrdU methods. Newly synthesized DNA is analyzed using the 405 nm laser of the flow cytometer.• Accurate—superior results compared to BrdU assays• Fast—results in as little as 90 minutes• Economical—more assays per kitView selection guide for all Click-iT™ EdU and Click-iT™ Plus EdU assays for flow c...
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时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述The 2018 Attune NxT Acoustic Focusing Cytometer has expanded functionalities to drive your research forward. Designed and developed to remove common barriers associated with flow cytometry, the evolutionary capabilities of the Attune NxT flow cytometer offer adaptable optical configuration options so you can get the most out of your multicolor analysis.• Free Attune NxT software with researcher-inspired upgrades• New green laser option for expanded utility and fluorochrome options• Simple push...
型号:
时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述The 2018 Attune NxT Acoustic Focusing Cytometer has expanded functionalities to drive your research forward. Designed and developed to remove common barriers associated with flow cytometry, the evolutionary capabilities of the Attune NxT flow cytometer offer adaptable optical configuration options so you can get the most out of your multicolor analysis.• Free Attune NxT software with researcher-inspired upgrades• New green laser option for expanded utility and fluorochrome options• Simple push...
型号:
时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述The 2018 Attune NxT Acoustic Focusing Cytometer has expanded functionalities to drive your research forward. Designed and developed to remove common barriers associated with flow cytometry, the evolutionary capabilities of the Attune NxT flow cytometer offer adaptable optical configuration options so you can get the most out of your multicolor analysis.• Free Attune NxT software with researcher-inspired upgrades• New green laser option for expanded utility and fluorochrome options• Simple push...
型号:
时间: 2019 - 04 - 17
描述The 2018 Attune NxT Acoustic Focusing Cytometer has expanded functionalities to drive your research forward. Designed and developed to remove common barriers associated with flow cytometry, the evolutionary capabilities of the Attune NxT flow cytometer offer adaptable optical configuration options so you can get the most out of your multicolor analysis.• Free Attune NxT software with researcher-inspired upgrades• New green laser option for expanded utility and fluorochrome options• Simple push...
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